Object name: M081
Designation(s): M081, HOLMBERGIX,
M81 is a famous spiral galaxy in Ursa major that anchors a group of galaxies. It is thought to be just under 12 million light-years distant. It was discovered several times. First by Johann Bode on December 31, 1774. Guess he wasn't out celebrating New Year's Eve. For this reason, it is often called Bode's Nebula (at the time galaxies weren't known but some incorrectly, in my opinion, call it Bode's Galaxy). Or maybe he wasn't the first. Sometime between 1772 and 1778 Johann Koehler found it but didn't record it until 1779 so most say he loses out to Bode. Then in August 1780 Pierre Méchain discovered it. Messier observed and recorded it on February 9, 1781 likely having heard of it from Méchain.
Related Designation(s):11HUGS 166, 11HUGS 170, 1ES 0951+693, 1H 0950+696B, 1RXP J095532.8+690354, 1RXS J095534.7+690338, 1XMM J095533.3+690355, 2MASX J09553318+6903549, 2PBC J0955.1+6904, 2XMM J095533.1+690355, 2XMMp J095533.2+690355, 87GB 095125.0+691806, 87GB[BWE91] 0951+6918, AKARI J0955345+690350, CGCG 0951.4+6918, CGCG 333-007, CRATES J0955+6903, CRATES J095533.18+690355.1, DDO 066, EXO 0951.3+6917, GB6 J0955+6903, HDCE 0552 NED002, HIJASS J0955+69 NED01, HIJASS J0957+69 NED01, Holmberg IX, HOLMBERGIX, ICRF J095533.1+690355, IERS B0951+693, IRAS 09514+6918, IRAS F09514+6918, KDG 062, KPG 218A, KTG 28A, LDCE 0842 NED004, LGG 176:[G93] 003, LGG 176:[G93] 015, LQAC 148+069 003, LQAC 148+069 004, M081, MAILYAN 048, MCG +12-10-010, MCG +12-10-012, MESSIER 081, NGC 3031, NGC 3031:[IW2001] H22, NGC 3031:[IW2001] H42, NGC 3031:[IW2001] P38, NGC 3031:[IW2001] P63, NGC 3031:[LB2005] X01, NGC 3031:[RW2000] X-13, NGC 3031:[SGM2003] 106, NSA 136218, NVSS J095533+690355, PGC 028630, PGC 028757, RBS 0808, RGB J0955+690, RX J0955.5+6903, RX J0955.5+6903:[BEV98] 001, RX J0955.5+6903:[ZEH2003] 01 , SAXWFC J0955.5+6903.8, SDSS J095533.16+690355.1, UGC 05318, UGC 05336, UITBOC 1639, UZC J095535.5+690352, XMMSL1 J095534.3+690350, [AHG2014] B088, [dML87] 630, [HRT2007] J095531+690357, [JBB2007] J095533.17+690355.0 , [M98j] 080 NED02, [MHH96] J095532+690351, [RC2] A0953+69, [SPB93] 115, [SPB93] 118, [VCV2001] J095533.2+690355, [WB92] 0951+6918,