Object name: BARNARD163
Barnard 163 is one of many dark nebulae in IC 1396, home of the far more famous "Elephant Trunk". IC 1396 is a huge emission nebula in Cepheus. Barnard 163 is a full degree from the center of the nebula and the "Elephant Trunk", both of which are to the northwest. 2 degrees north is Mu Cephei the "Garnet Star". So this is a rich area. It is thought to be about 3000 light-years distant. For beginners, I should mention the B stands for Barnard. Edward Emerson Barnard was a famous astronomer of the late 19th and early 20th century with lots of discoveries credited to him. He compiled an atlas of dark nebulae of which this is entry 163. http://www.dvaa.org/AData/Barnard.html He pioneered scientific imaging of the sky helping to bring an end to the era of visual astronomy. While others had taken images of a few bright objects he took the art to a much higher level. He also has a nearby dwarf galaxy and a star named after him. He was the sole discoverer of 14 comets and co-discoverer of 2 more. He died in 1923 at the age of 65 from complications of diabetes which had dogged him the latter part of his life.