Object name: RED
Designation(s): RED, RECTANGLE,
The star is HD 44179 magnitude 8.85 about 1250 light years away. It is a post AGB star in the process of forming a proto-planetary nebula. I've run several planetary nebula but this is the first one in its early formative phase. These are formed as a star of similar mass as our sun runs out of fuel and contracts into a white dwarf. This final phase can cause the star to puff off its outer gas shell leaving only the inner core which then collapses into a white dwarf. This is a star that is in this short duration phase as it dies. Come back in a few thousand years and see if it was successful in forming such a planetary nebula. Why this forming gas shell would take on a nearly perfect rectangular shape is quite the mystery. Though the fact the star is really a close double star wrapped in dust envelop so thick we can't see the stars themselves, only the bright envelop they are in, may have something to do with the shape.