Object name: ABELL1314

Designation(s): ABELL1314, NGC0711, IC0708, IC0709, IC0712, MRK0178,

Abell 1314 is a rather nearby galaxy cluster in Ursa Major below the bowl of the Big Dipper asterism. That is if "nearby" is 460 million light-years. It is described as being 80 minutes of arc across and of morphology class III and richness class 0. By morphology class III they mean it has no obvious anchoring galaxy. Instead, in this case, it has several large elliptical galaxies scattered throughout the cluster though I note the biggest, IC 712 is very near the center as defined by NED. Richness class 0 is more complicated. It says there are 30 to 49 galaxies within a magnitude range of m3 to m3+2. M3 is the brightness of the third brightest galaxy in the cluster. Thus it isn't a measure of how many galaxies the cluster contains though usually, it is a pretty good indicator of relative populations though there are some exceptions. Even though my field doesn't begin to cover the entire cluster the annotated image shows far more than 50 galaxies that are members of the cluster as many are fainter than M3+2 and not counted.

The closest it has to a cD galaxy is the bright cluster galaxy IC 712. I'm rather puzzled by a note at NED on this galaxy. It reads: "1132+493. Owing to its size of 4.6 kpc, this is the smallest known radio galaxy with tailed structure. It is identified with the brightest member of the cluster A1314, which also is characterized by the presence of two extended tailed radio galaxies, IC 711 (Wilson & Vallee 1977) and IC 708 (Vallee et al. 1981). The tails of these 3 cluster radiogalaxies point in different directions with respect to the cluster center." Considering the other two it mentions are smaller in my image and the size of IC 712 visually is about 40 kpc I suppose they mean its radio size rather than it's optical size.

Near IC 712 is a strange looking galaxy with the tongue-twister name of Mr19:[BFW2006] 14242 NED18. It's a somewhat distorted looking two arm spiral. Unfortunately, I can't find anything else on it.

The 4 IC galaxies were discovered by Lewis Swift on May 11, 1890.

Even more puzzling is the blue galaxy trying to hide behind the brilliant orange star HD 200597 to the upper left of IC 712. SIMBAD identifies nothing at this location and NED shows only a 21st magnitude star. Another case of NED missing a rather obvious blue galaxy which is a surprisingly common occurrence, especially when it is interesting looking and I'd like to know more about it.

Another odd object is the much closer to us at 13 to 21 billion light-years, Markarian galaxy MRK 0178 in the upper left corner. It is a dwarf galaxy with two large blue HII regions and lots of hints of smaller star clusters scattered about this irregular dwarf galaxy with a lot of Wolf Rayet stars. A star in our galaxy is seen against it just to the upper right of the two main HII regions. While some papers indicate they can't tell if it is a star or a feature of the galaxy I'm quite certain it is a field star. The PSF is the same as stars in that part of my image and very different from the other features of the galaxy.

I was surprised to find the galaxy MCG+08-21-054 in the lower right corner had no distance or classification. Looks much like a Scd galaxy to me. Why its redshift is yet to be determined (or maybe just yet to be picked up by NED) I don't know. If a cluster member, it is one of the few "classic" spirals in the cluster.

To its lower left is PGC 97398 which NED identifies as a quasar candidate. It is starlike all right but at the distance of the cluster, 440 million light-years awfully close and faint for a quasar. But then what else could it be? I keep finding puzzling objects in this at first rather ordinary appearing field for a nearby galaxy cluster.

14" LX200R @ f/10, L=4x10' RGB=2x10' STL-11000XM, Paramount ME

Related Designation(s):

1132+49W3, 11HUGS 237, 1RXS J113448.4+490438, 20P 039, 2MASS J01522779+1730456, 2MASS J11335923+4903433, 2MASS J11341454+4902355, 2MASS J11344930+4904392, 2MASX J01522780+1730450, 2MASX J11335920+4903432, 2MASX J11341457+4902352, 2MASX J11344932+4904388, 2MASXi J0152278+173045, 2MASXi J1133592+490343, 2MASXi J1134145+490235, 2MASXi J1134493+490439, 2XMM J113359.2+490344, 2XMM J113414.4+490235, 2XMM J113449.3+490439, 2XMMp J113359.2+490344, 2XMMp J113414.4+490235, 2XMMp J113449.2+490439, 87GB 113112.8+492042, 87GB[BWE91] 1131+4920, ABELL 1314, ABELL 1314:[ATS88] 01, ABELL 1314:[BTM97] 1, ABELL 1314:[CAE99], ABELL 1314:[FTC95] 001, ABELL 1314:[FTC95] 002, ABELL 1314:[FTC95] 003, ABELL 1314:[FTC95] 008, ABELL 1314:[HKW78] 01, ABELL 1314:[L84] G2, ABELL 1314:[LO95] 1131+493, ABELL 1314:[PL95] BCG, ABELL 1314:[ZBO89] O4, ABELL 1314:[ZBO89] R2, ABELL 1314:[ZBO89] R4, ABELL1314, ASIAGO4 05, ASK 218758.0, ASK 219349.0, ASK 219355.0, ASK 219359.0, BMW-HRI J113448.9+490440, BTS 034, CGCG 0149.7+1716, CGCG 1130.8+4931, CGCG 1131.2+4920, CGCG 1131.5+4919, CGCG 1132.1+4921, CGCG 242-046, CGCG 242-048, CGCG 242-049, CGCG 242-054, CGCG 460-038, CXO J113449.3+490439, EXSS 1132.0+4920, GALEXASC J113359.21+490343.6 , GALEXASC J113414.54+490236.5 , GALEXASC J113449.04+490441.0 , GALEXMSC J113359.14+490345.0 , GALEXMSC J113414.61+490235.2 , GALEXMSC J113449.16+490438.1 , GB1 1131+493, HDCE 0101 NED001, HDCE 0655 NED001, HDCE 0655 NED002, HDCE 0655 NED004, HOLM 263A, IC 0708, IC 0709, IC 0712, IC0708, IC0709, IC0712, LDCE 0118 NED001, LDCE 0818 NED001, LDCE 0818 NED002, LDCE 0818 NED004, LEDA 200273, LGG 036:[G93] 005, MAPS-NGP O_170_0080906, MAPS-NGP O_170_0081306, MAPS-NGP O_170_0101730, MCG +03-05-024, MCG +08-21-053, MCG +08-21-056, MCG +08-21-057, MCG +08-21-063, MCXC J1134.8+4903, Mr18:[BFW2006] 06984 NED19, Mr18:[BFW2006] 06984 NED23, Mr18:[BFW2006] 06984 NED39, Mr19:[BFW2006] 14242 NED11, Mr19:[BFW2006] 14242 NED13, Mr19:[BFW2006] 14242 NED21, Mr20:[BFW2006] 23364 NED08, Mr20:[BFW2006] 23364 NED09, Mr20:[BFW2006] 23364 NED11, MRK 0178, MRK0178, NFGS 086, NGC 0711, NGC0711, NPM1G +17.0073, NPM1G +49.0200, NSA 038400, NSA 038414, NSA 038419, NSA 038421, NSA 130596, NVSS J113358+490346, Papillon, PGC 006940, PGC 035684, PGC 035720, PGC 035736, PGC 035785, RBS 1000, RX J1134.8+4904:[ZEH2003] 04 , RXC J1134.8+4903, SBS 1130+495, SDSS J113328.94+491412.9, SDSS J113328.94+491413.0, SDSS J113328.95+491413.0, SDSS J113359.22+490343.6, SDSS J113359.22+490343.7, SDSS J113359.23+490343.3, SDSS J113359.23+490343.4, SDSS J113414.53+490235.4, SDSS J113414.53+490235.6, SDSS J113414.53+490235.7, SDSS J113414.54+490235.3, SDSS J113414.54+490235.4, SDSS J113449.28+490439.8, SDSS J113449.29+490439.4, SDSS J113449.29+490439.5, SDSS J113449.29+490439.7, SDSS J113449.30+490439.4, SDSS J113449.30+490439.5, TXS 1131+493, UGC 01342, UGC 06541, UGC 06549, UGCl 226, USGC U401 NED03, USGC U401 NED06, USGC U401 NED07, UZC J015227.8+173046, UZC J113328.9+491421, UZC J113359.1+490345, UZC J113414.5+490235, UZC J113449.3+490440, VLSS J1133.9+4903, WBL 339-001, WBL 339-002, WBL 339-004, ZwCl 1131.2+4923, [BFW2006] J173.49678+49.06213 , [BFW2006] J173.56056+49.04324 , [BFW2006] J173.70539+49.07772 , [BKD2008] WR 199, [GMM2009] 0658587, [GMM2009] 0658603, [GMM2015] J113359.2+490343, [JBB2007] J113359.22+490343.4 , [LPP2009] 1131+493, [LPP2009] 1132+493, [OL97] 1132+493, [OSO87] 1131+493, [PJY2015] 588295841247657994 , [RC2] A1130+49, [SB2012] 064, [SM2000] 1131+493, [SPB93] 156, [TCW2007] 099, [TTL2012] 094703, [TTL2012] 097076, [TTL2012] 097078, [WB92] 1131+4920,